It then turned into a symbol of victory and was redesigned by Karl Friedrich Schinkel to include the Prussian eagle and an iron cross on her lance, with a wreath of oak leaves.
In gratitude for the return of the Quadriga to the top of the Brandenburg Gate, the Pfuel family was then granted use of the central archway from 1814 to 1919!
The Quadriga faces east, as it did when it was originally installed so many years ago in 1793.
Later in history, when the Nazis ascended to power in Germany, the gate was used as a party symbol
Brandenburg Gate survived many onslaughts during World War II and was one of the only damaged structures that remained standing in the Pariser Platz ruins in 1945.
The gate was badly damaged during the war and was left with holes in the columns from all the bullets and nearby explosions!
There was one horse’s head from the Quadriga that survived the onslaught and is now kept in the collection of the Märkisches Museum.
After Germany’s surrender and the end of the war, the governments of East and West Berlin joined forces to restore Brandenburg Gate
The holes were patched up, but were still visible for many years after the war!
Vehicles and pedestrians were then allowed to travel freely through the gate that was located in East Berlin.
This changed when the Berlin Wall was built on the 13th of August 1961!
Brandenburg Gate border crossing was closed on the 14th of August 1961 and came to symbolize divided Germany!
In the course of the reunification of East and West Berlin, the gate was reopened in the historically significant moment when West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl walked through it to meet East German Prime Minister Hans Modrow on the 22nd of December, 1989.
Brandenburg Gate then stood to symbolize freedom and the desire to ultimately unify the city of Berlin!
Want to go deeper? These great museums in Berlin are perfect for learning a little more.
Thousands of people gathered at the wall to celebrate its fall on 9 November 1989, and the demolition of the rest of the wall around the area took place the following year.
The gathering was one of the most iconic scenes of recent German history as the crowds of thousands stood celebrating before the Brandenburg Gate as the Wall fell!
The Brandenburg Gate was privately refurbished on 21 December 2000 at a cost of six million Euros!
It was then once again opened on 3 October 2002 after extensive refurbishment, for the 12th anniversary of German reunification.
The Berlin Festival of Lights is an event that now occurs annually every October. The gate and other well-known sights like Fernsehturm, the Berlin Victory Column, and Berlin Cathedral are illuminated with light art for a couple of weeks during the festival.
Brandenburg Gate has stood the test of time and has seen many historical occasions through the tumultuous times of war and unease in Germany and Europe.
The iconic structure is a must-see monument when visiting Berlin, and holds huge cultural and historical significance.
The dark past of Germany and the gate’s involvement in these times seems to have seen a positive light in today’s age, and is a solid structure that will exist for thousands of years to come, telling a fascinating story of time!
As an iconic landmark that has seen so much change and upheaval, the Brandenburg Gate is now an omnipresent landmark that is found o on logos representing Berlin companies or Berlin and the German authorities. It’s also embedded on German coins and on all kinds of Berlin merchandise!
Born in Los Angeles, Aaron Hovanesian is one of the original staff writers for Hotel Jules. Having backpacked the world as a young man, Aaron now prefers to travel the world in luxury, proudly staying in the world's most amazing hotels and properties. When Aaron is not traveling he lives in Western Colorado he can be found brewing his own beer (probably an IPA) or spending time with his two amazing golden retrievers.